53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.I'm rather hesitant to buy into this idea, but it's certainly something to chew on.
54 So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. KJV
When we are alive on this earth, our bodies are the home of our souls. The body is on the outside with the soul on the inside. The above text seems to indicate (as least to me) that in the resurrection, our bodies will become in some way housed by our souls. The word translated "put on" appears more than 25 times in the New Testament, and almost always refers to the wearing or putting on of apparel.
Now note verse 53 -- this corruptible (our bodies) must put on (as clothing) incorruption (our souls), and this mortal (our bodies) must put on (as clothes) immortality (our souls).
Sunday, November 30, 2008
The first miracle, involving the feeding of 5000 with five loaves and two fish, took place in a very Jewish place, near Bethsaida (Luke 9:10). Beth, in Hebrew, means "house", and "sayid" means, essentially, "box lunch". They're about to eat at the Box Lunch Restaurant. (God loves wordplay, but we Gentiles miss out on so much of it.)
Numbers to the Jewish mindset nearly always have symbolic value. The number 5 would cause a Hebrew mind to conjure up ideas of God's grace and/or the Five Books of the Torah ("Pentateuch"), and 1000 (as in 5 x 1000) would suggest a very "completeness". Two would remind them of the two witnesses in Deuteronomy. The crossing over the sea into this desert just before the meal, at the Passover season, would have them thinking in terms of Moses leading the Israelites through the Red Sea and into the wilderness. The crowds were instructed to sit in groups of fifties and 100's, again reminiscent of the time Moses' father-in-law suggested that he appoint judges over the people in groups of 1000's, 100's, fifties, and tens. The twelve baskets of leftovers would trigger thoughts of the twelve tribes of Israel. The whole event would have the people thinking such thoughts as, "Is this the promised Prophet like Moses, feeding "manna" to us, the Messiah who will free us Israelites from our overlords?"
And then just a few days later, Yeshua is in a very Gentile place near the pagan cities of Tyre and Sidon (Matt 15:21). Here he fed 4000 people with seven loaves of bread and a few fish, and collected seven baskets of leftovers. The number four represented the four-corners of the earth, or in Jewish-think, the gentile nations of the world, and the sevens represented a divine completeness. All-in-all, this event had the people thinking, "Man, this party sure seems to have a lot of Gentile elements to it." (The "few" fish, being unspecified, merely highlights the symbolism of the other numbers which are reported.)
Later, the Jewish mind which reflected back on these two events suddenly realized: "Jesus, the bread of life, born in "Bakery-ville" ("Beth" = house; lehem = bread; Bethlehem = "House of Bread"), is feeding both Jew and Gentile, bringing the two groups into one family, nurturing them with the complete Torah of God."
Thursday, November 27, 2008
The Jamestown settlement was a business venture, not a religious one. It nearly failed several times throughout the early years, but a constant influx of people and supplies from England kept it alive long enough to finally get a firm footing.
In the meanwhile, back home in England, a group of people were trying to separate themselves from the official Church of England, the Anglican Church, in order to worship according to their own Calvinistic understandings. These purist separatists, or Puritans, looking for a place where they'd have more freedom to exercise their religious beliefs, moved to Holland. Although they found religious freedom there, their status as non-Dutch prevented them from having any economic success; they were also disturbed that their children were beginning to adopt Dutch ideas rather than the ideas of their own community. So they began looking for another place to go. Their wanderlust earned them the nickname Pilgrims, although they never referred to themselves as such.
The King of England, King James (yes, the same who gave us our King James Bible), gave these Puritan Pilgrims permission to settle in the New World, on the northern edge of the Jamestown settlement area (known as the Virginia Colony, up around the middle of New Jersey), but a storm forced their ship, the Mayflower, off-course, and they instead landed at Plymouth Rock, considerably further North up the coast (near Boston, Mass).
They elected to set up camp there, rather than try to move back down Southward to where they were supposed to be. Some of the settlers were not comfortable being out of the jurisdiction of an official government, so they created the Mayflower Compact, which established the first fully representative government in North America.
The biggest difference between Jamestown and the Plymouth colony was that Jamestown was primarily a business enterprise, whereas Plymouth was a religious enterprise. As such, Plymouth was pretty much left alone to tend to themselves.
According to this article, these first Pilgrims who came over on the Mayflower, and who gave us our first Thanksgiving, were commies. They came over with the idealistic notion that communism was the God-ordained way of life. They spent their first years here with a communistic government, established by themselves.
They nearly died that first year, and had little material success thereafter. As the article says,
[William] Bradford remained troubled by the colony's inability to prosper. He found the answer by studying the Bible and revisiting the notion of private property and incentivized hard work.The article further notes that Bradford wrote in 1623:
At length, after much debate of things, the Governor (with the advice of the chiefest amongst them) gave way that they should [dispense with communism in favor of a more capitalistic economy].One of the most telling things which Bradford wrote about this change is this:
This had very good success, for it made all hands very industrious, so as much more corn was planted than otherwise would have been by any means the Governor or any other could use, and saved him a great deal of trouble, and gave far better content. The women now went willingly into the field, and took their little ones with them to set corn, which before would allege weakness and inability, whom to have compelled would have been thought great tyranny and oppression. The experience that was had in this common course and condition, tried sundry years and that amongst Godly and sober men, may well evince the vanity of that conceit of Plato's and other ancients applauded by some of later times, that the taking away of property and bringing in community into a commonwealth would make them happy and flourishing, as if they were wiser than God.Rather interesting, that this great United States of America had already tried and rejected communism, finding it wanting, long before the threat of Communism raised its head in the 20th Century.
And yet now we continually elect politicians who are pushing for the same socialistic communism which Bradford terms a conceit of the ancients.
Those who fail to remember history are doomed to repeat it. Welcome to the Recession.
Monday, November 24, 2008
Most of us grew up with the line that Martha was the active type and Mary the passive or contemplative type, and that Jesus is simply affirming the importance of both and even the priority of devotion to him. That devotion is undoubtedly part of the importance of the story, but far more obvious to any first-century reader, and to many readers in Turkey, the Middle East and many other parts of the world to this day would be the fact that Mary was sitting at Jesus’ feet within the male part of the house rather than being kept in the back rooms with the other women. This, I am pretty sure, is what really bothered Martha; no doubt she was cross at being left to do all the work, but the real problem behind that was that Mary had cut clean across one of the most basic social conventions. It is as though, in today’s world, you were to invite me to stay in your house and, when it came to bedtime, I were to put up a camp bed in your bedroom. We have our own clear but unstated rules about whose space is which; so did they. And Mary has just flouted them. And Jesus declares that she is right to do so. She is ‘sitting at his feet’; a phrase which doesn’t mean what it would mean today, the adoring student gazing up in admiration and love at the wonderful teacher. As is clear from the use of the phrase elsewhere in the NT (for instance, Paul with Gamaliel), to sit at the teacher’s feet is a way of saying you are being a student, picking up the teacher’s wisdom and learning; and in that very practical world you wouldn’t do this just for the sake of informing your own mind and heart, but in order to be a teacher, a rabbi, yourself.
Still, the film was an enjoyable, if somewhat long, 2 and a third hours.
But the ideas that infused into me, and stuck, are the following:
1) All of us have potential for good or for bad. Or perhaps more accurately, we all have good and bad within us.
2) When the best of us go bad, we go very bad. It's as if the strengths we have when we are good are then applied to evil when we turn. (Of course, the reverse is also true, case in point being Saul/Paul.)
3) Sometimes we turn bad very subtly, thinking we're doing good, never realizing we've become the bad guy, or sometimes realizing it, but self-justifying ourselves because "the end justifies the means". Even the best of us are subject to this failing. Along with this is the reminder that power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely.
4) You must stand on principle. You can't be good 99% of the time and expect allowances for the "exceptions".
5) SPOILER ALERT - I was extremely proud of the prisoner. If you've seen the movie, you know what I mean. If not, you will when you see the movie.
Friday, November 21, 2008
A study published by researchers at Yeshiva University and its medical school, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, strongly suggests that regular attendance at religious services reduces the risk of death by approximately 20 percent.and
“Interestingly, the protection against mortality provided by religion cannot be entirely explained by expected factors that include enhanced social support of friends or family, lifestyle choices and reduced smoking and alcohol consumption,” said Dr. Schnall, who was lead author of the study. “There is something here that we don’t quite understand. It is always possible that some unknown or unmeasured factors confounded these results,” he added.
Saturday, November 15, 2008
One of the evidences he produced is a quote from a disciple of John, Papias, who lived about 60-130 AD, who wrote in the early second century:
Matthew collected the words in the Hebrew language, and each translated them as best he could.Go watch the video; it's well worth it.
And all the shrubs of the field, not yet existed in the land, and all the herbs of the field, not yet sprouted, because YHWH Elohiym did not cause it to rain upon the land, and was without a human to serve the ground.If you're interested, here's the Hebrew:
וְכֹל שִׂיחַ הַשָּׂדֶה טֶרֶם יִהְיֶה בָאָרֶץ וְכָל עֵשֶׂב הַשָּׂדֶה טֶרֶם יִצְמָח כִּי
לֹא הִמְטִיר יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים עַל הָאָרֶץ וְאָדָם אַיִן לַעֲבֹד אֶת הָאֲדָמָה
The Name, YHWH is יְהוָה and the word "exist[ed]" (HYH) is יִהְיֶה . Looking closely at the Hebrew forms, you can see the very close similarity between the two.
Indeed, YHWH is the Great I AM [Existence Itself].
For example, βαπτίζω ("baptizo") in Greek, comes into English as the roughly-transliterated baptize. If it were translated instead of transliterated, it would come into English as immerse.
That's only background for this interesting tidbit that follows from http://www.ancient-hebrew.org/emagazine/046.html.
In the Greek manuscripts of the New Testament, which was originally written in Hebrew, we find that Hebrew words are both translated and transliterated into Greek. In Hebrews 10:5 the Greek word prosfora (prosphora, meaning offering) is the translation of the Hebrew word קרבן (korban, meaning offering). In Mark 7:11 the Greek word korban (korban) is the transliteration of the Hebrew word קרבן (korban, meaning offering).The same word, translated in one instance, transliterated in the other. Interesting....
Friday, November 14, 2008
The Old Testament Ritual Immersion
The Way Back To G-d Through the Mikvah
The Hebrew word Mikvah refers to the gathered waters, the pool used for immersion. The ritual of immersion in a Mikvah is called baptism in English, or baptisma in Greek and means: to make fully wet; to cover wholly with a fluid; to overwhelm or saturate.
The Hebrew sages taught that the Temple of G-d was a miniature Garden of Eden. When G-d created the Garden, He formed four head waters that flowed from Eden to all the earth. It is believed that the waters of Eden are the spiritual source of all waters. It is through the waters of the Mikvah whose spiritual source is Eden, that man can find his way back to G-d. The main rule for building a Mikvah pool is that the waters must be from a natural source, that is, rain water or a moving stream, etc.it must be living water. G-d identifies Himself as the fountain of living water:
"They have forsaken Me, the fountain of living waters" (Jeremiah 2:13b and 17:13)
The sages teach that everything in the physical world has a spiritual counterpart. Consequently, when a person immerses his physical body in the Mikvah, his soul is immersed as well. The prophet Jeremiah calls G-d the Mikvah ["hope" - kent] of Israel (14:8; 17:13; 50:7), leading to the belief that the spiritual counterpart for the Mikvah waters is the Spirit of G-d. Thus, immersion is the equivalent of being overwhelmed by or saturated in the Spirit of G-d.
The ritual immersion originated at the creation, according to the sages. The Book of Genesis records that the earth was submersed in water before G-d gathered the waters (Genesis 1:10). The Hebrew word used for gathered waters in this passage is Mikvah. When G-d gathered the waters into seas, the earth was resurrected from its watery grave. In Jewish thought, the waters that covered the earth, the Mikvah waters, symbolize the womb of creation. Thus, when a person immerses in the waters of the Mikvah, he is placing himself in a state of being unbornsubjecting himself totally to G-d's creative power.
The Mikvah (pool) itself represents both the grave and the womb. First the individual enters the world of the non-livingthe gravesince he ceases to breathe under the water. Then he emerges from the womb, his soul having been saturated or overwhelmed by the Spirit of G-d, resurrected from the watery grave as G-d's new creation. The rabbis say that emerging from the Mikvah is very much like a process of rebirth.
It is said that a seed must be planted in the ground or buried in death before it emerges in new life. When it appears, it is nothing like its former state. It gradually grows and becomes the plant G-d intended it to be. So is the person who is immersed in the Mikvah. When the person emerges from the Mikvah waters of G-d's creation, he is reborn, a new creationentering into an elevated state of life.
Observant Jews enter the Mikvah many times during their lives. For instance, some enter the Mikvah before every Sabbath in anticipation that the Messiah will come when they will enter the elevated state of the Messiah's reign. They enter the Mikvah before their Bar Mitzvah to enter the elevated state of becoming a son of the commandment; they enter the Mikvah before marriage to enter the elevated state of being joined as one; they enter the Mikvah before becoming a rabbi, to indicate their elevated state as a teacher of the Law, etc.
Both the grave and the womb are end points in the cycles of life. Both mark a new beginning as well. The person passing through either cycle is about to enter a new elevated state. The dead person's soul enters the elevated state of returning to his Maker: (Ecclesiastes 12:7b). The fetus enters the elevated state of becoming a breathing baby, ready to become a son or daughter of the Covenant. It is said that the Hebrew word for truth, emmet, is a constant reminder of the cycle of life from birth to death through the Mikvah immersion
The Hebrew word for truth is emmet. It said to be a joining of two wordsem meaning mother, implying birth, and met meaning death. The word emmet is spelled with only three Hebrew letters: aleph, mem, tav. Aleph, representing the beginning of one's life, is the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet. Tav, representing the end of one's life, is the last letter of the Hebrew alphabet. Mem is the exact middle. Each Hebrew letter has a meaning of its own and mem stands for water. Therefore, truth teaches that it is through water that a person receives birth and through the living water of the Mikvah during one's life that man finds his way back to G-d in death.
The New Testament Ritual Immersion
Jesus (Yeshua) Points the Way Back to G-d Through Baptism
In the Garden of Eden there was eternal life. Through sin, man was forced to leave Eden. In so doing, they departed from eternal life. Jesus (Yeshua) came to show mankind the way back to Eden, to once again possess eternal life. Jesus' (Yeshua's) body is the Temple of G-d, a miniature Garden of Eden, the source of eternal life.
"Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up...But He was speaking of the temple of His body." (John 2:19, 21)
In the New Testament as in the Old, the living waters are identified as the Spirit of G-d. Jesus (Yeshua), who is filled with the Spirit of G-d, is the spiritual source of the living water's of Eden.
"He who believes in Me [Jesus (Yeshua)], as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water. But this He spoke concerning the Spirit, whom those believing in Him would receive...." (John 7:38, 39)
At the beginning of Jesus' (Yeshua's) ministry on earth, John (the baptizer) was found immersing people in the Jordan River during the Hebrew calendar's season of repentance (Elul). John was immersing the multitudes who came to him in preparation for the Feast of Trumpets. It was believed that the Messiah would come either on a regular Sabbath (i.e.Saturday) or on a Special Sabbath (i.e. a Festival day).
The Phrisees sent priests and Levites to question John as to whether he was the Messiah, the Prophet (Deut. 18:15) or Elijah (John 1:19-26) because the Israelites had a tradition that no one could perform immersion in the Jordan River except one of those individuals. Immersion in the Jordan was a sign of the coming of the Messiah.
The Israelites had crossed over into the Promised Land on dry ground when G-d parted the waters of the Jordan for Joshua. The tradition held that the Promised Land would not be fully occupied and enjoyed by the Israelites until the Messiah came to rule and reign in the earth. They believed that the precursor to the Messiah's arrival would be immersion in the Jordan mikvah by the Prophet, Elijah, or the Messiah himself before the beginning of the Messiah's Sabbath Day of Rest.
The people were immersing in preparation for the possible coming of Messiah during this Festival. John was teaching that man had to immerse in the Mikvah of repentance in order to prepare for the coming Kingdom of G-d that would begin when the Messiah appeared.
"...when He was asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of G-d would come, [Jesus/Yeshua] answered them and said, 'The kingdom of G-d does not come with observation.....For indeed, the kingdom of G-d is within you.'" (Luke 17:20, 21)
John's Mikvah immersion was an outward sign of a mysterious inward change that would enable repentant individuals to enter an elevated state. The one immersed would be ready to receive the Spirit of G-d so that he could enter the Kingdom of G-d:
"Jesus (Yeshua) answered, 'Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of G-d." (John 3:5)
While Jesus (Yeshua) needed no repentance because He was without sin, He entered John's Mikvah waters to be immersed in the Spirit of G-d. He told John that it was "to fulfill all righteousness". As our example in all things, Jesus (Yeshua) was saying that it was necessary to enter the Mikvah of repentance to fulfill all righteousness.
"When He had been baptized, Jesus (Yeshua) came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened to Him, and he saw the Spirit of G-d descending like a dove and alighting upon Him." (Matthew 3:16)
- Jesus (Yeshua), the Mikvah of Israel, existed from the Creation:
"All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made." (John 1:3)
- Jesus' (Yeshua's) spiritual counterpart is the Spirit of G-d:
"And the Spirit of G-d was hovering over the face of the waters." (Genesis 1:2b)
Immersion in the Mikvah is like dying and being reborn as a new creation of G-d. The New Testament teaches:
"...we were buried with Him through baptism into death, that just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life." (Romans 6:4)
"...if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation..." (2 Corinthians 5:17)
"...the water that I shall give him will become in him a fountain of water springing up into everlasting life." (John 4:14b)
Jesus (Yeshua) is the Temple of Living G-d, THE LIFE everlasting in the Garden of Eden; He is THE TRUTH (emmet), the beginning and the end; He is the Living Water, the Mikvah of Israel. Jesus (Yeshua) is THE WAY back to G-d.
In some situations, this is a valid approach. It definitely works in mathematics:
If A = B, and if B = C, then A = CBut it doesn't always work in human language:
God is Love. Love is blind. Therefore, God is blind.For example, the word "confess" has two uses which are often conflated together.
James 5:16 urges his readers to "confess your sins one to another".
Romans 10:9 teaches that "if you confess with your mouth, 'Jesus is Lord'," you will be saved.
These are two totally different uses of the word (one referring to an admission of wrong-doing, the other referring to a proclamation of a Truth), yet often both passages are given in support of the "confession" step of the "Five-Step Plan of Salvation" as if they are the same thing. They're not.
The point I'm trying to make is that we've gotten sloppy in our logic, because our pet doctrines are supported by such sloppiness. We need to be rigorous in our thinking, and not accept the misuse of language just because it scratches our itching ears.
Interestingly enough, after I made this post, I listened to a podcast in which Casey Luskin had this to say, which seems relevant:
Us folks who are, who have been involved with the legal field have a term for that kind of thinking ... it's called "Outcome-based Jurisprudence", where people don't care about the logic or the reasoning they use to get to your conclusion; they just care about your conclusion, that it's the quote-unquote "politically-correct accurate conclusion" as far as their own goals and agenda's concerned. Good reasoning and logic and truth are not of primary concern when you do that kind of reasoning.The podcast was very interesting; Casey interviews an atheist who, unlike most of his fellow atheists, believes Intelligent Design has a place at the discussion table. He also mentions that many atheists no longer present a good case for atheism (although he believes one can be made), but rather they just use emotional rhetoric to shut down the discussion. Go give it a listen -- Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3.
6 Each one helps the other,
and says to another, "Take courage!"
7 The craftsman encourages the metalworker;
the one who flattens with the hammer
[supports] the one who strikes the anvil,
saying of the soldering, "It is good."
He fastens it with nails so that it will not fall over.
Isaiah 41:6-7 (HCSB)
Thursday, November 13, 2008
Wednesday, November 12, 2008
I at first wanted to pray that God would give him arms and legs (whether via medical technology, or Providence, or (horrors) a "miracle"!), but then I realized his light might be shining more brightly now, causing men to give glory to our Father in heaven, than if he had healing. So instead I prayed that God would give him encouragement and strength to be used as God sees fit.
Again, worth watching. Go watch it.
UPDATE: Well, never mind; YouTube has taken down the video.
Monday, November 10, 2008
This got the Jewish man to thinking, and he realized that although he knew all the Synagogue prayers and such, he had never read the Tanakh (the Jewish Bible, the "Old Testament"). So he started reading from the book of Bereshit (Genesis), and there in the first chapter, verse 26, the scriptures said:
Let Us make man in Our image....That phrase very much disturbed him, as the Jewish people are very adamant that "God is One", and not three. After all, one of the "prayers" cited often (twice a day by many orthodox Jews) is the Shema ("Hear"), from Deuteronomy 6:4, which says:
Shema Yisrael Adonai Eloheinu Adonai Echad."What's this 'Us' business?" he asked himself. So he started doing a word-study, and to his surprise, realized that the word for "One", echad, as used in the Shema, is used for the first time in the Bible in Genesis 1:5, where it says (Young's Literal Version):
(Hear Oh, Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is One.)
...and God calleth to the light `Day,' and to the darkness He hath called `Night;' and there is an evening, and there is a morning -- day one.He began to realize that in that word "one" was a duality of an evening and a morning. In some mysterious way, the One was a Unity, not a Singularity.
He then saw the same Unity in Genesis 2:24 (HCSB):
This is why a man leaves his father and mother and bonds with his wife, and they become one flesh.Again, he saw that the One was a unity, not a singularity.
And even in the first verse of the Bible, the word "God" is literally "Gods" (Elohim, plural of El, "God"). But interestingly, although the noun is plural ("Gods"), the verbs are all singular (such that in English, which doesn't always have plural-vs-singular verbs, it might be something more like "In the beginning, Gods, the One, He created the heavens and the earth").
And he saw a distinction between God the Creator in Genesis 1:1, and the Ruach HaKodesh, the Holy Spirit, in verse 2. (It's also interesting to note that the phrase "Ruach HaKodesh" is feminine. Isn't God interesting on so many levels?!)
And it was this simple reading of the scriptures for himself as opposed to listening to the doctrines of mere men (even though they were respected rabbis), that began this man's journey toward accepting Jesus as Messiah.
Instead of funding abortion, the government should fund research to move unborn babies from the womb of the natural mothers into the wombs of mothers who want the babies.
This solves the problem of not just an unwanted baby, but of an unwanted pregnancy, while preserving the life of the unborn baby, and while providing joy to women who might otherwise be barren.
I think it's an interesting idea.
Friday, November 07, 2008
The Old Testament was a preparation for the Stage to be set. Jesus Christ has been here before the beginning. You can find Christ in every book of the Bible.
The Bible Portrays Jesus Christ as the Savior of the World.
Genesis Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Creator God.
Exodus Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Passover Lamb.
Leviticus Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Sacrifice For Sin.
Numbers Portrays Jesus Christ as Our "Lifted-Up One"
Deuteronomy Portrays Jesus Christ as Our True Prophet.
Joshua Portrays Jesus Christ as the Captain of our Salvation.
Judges Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Deliverer Judge.
Ruth Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Kinsman-Redeemer.
1 and 2 Samuel Portrays Jesus Christ as Our King.
Kings and Chronicles Portray Jesus Christ as King.
Ezra and Nehemiah Portray Jesus Christ as Our Restorer.
Esther Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Advocate.
Job Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Redeemer.
Psalms Portrays Jesus Christ, Our All in All.
Proverbs Portrays Jesus Christ, Our Wisdom.
Ecclesiastes Portrays Jesus Christ as the End of All Living.
Song of Solomon Portrays Jesus Christ as the Lover of Our Souls.
Isaiah Portrays Jesus Christ as the Messiah.
Jeremiah and Lamentations Portrays Jesus Christ as the Righteous Branch.
Ezekiel Portrays Jesus Christ as the Son of Man.
Daniel Portrays Jesus Christ as the Smiting Stone.
Hosea Portrays Jesus Christ as Healer of the Backslider.
Joel Portrays Jesus Christ as the Restorer.
Amos Portrays Jesus Christ as the Heavenly Husbandman.
Obadiah Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Savior.
Jonah Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Resurrection and Life.
Micah Portrays Jesus Christ as Witness Against Rebellious Nations.
Nahum Portrays Jesus Christ as a Stronghold in the Day of Trouble.
Habakkuk Portrays Jesus Christ as the God of Our Salvation.
Zephaniah Portrays Jesus Christ as a Jealous Lord.
Haggai Portrays Jesus Christ as the Desire of All Nations.
Zechariah Portrays Jesus Christ as the Righteous Branch.
Malachi Portrays Jesus Christ as the Sun of Righteousness.
The Gospel Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Savior and Lord.
Matthew Portrays Jesus Christ as The Promised Messiah.
Mark Portrays Jesus Christ as the Servant of God.
Luke Portrays Jesus Christ as the Son of Man.
John Portrays Jesus Christ as the Son of God.
Acts Portrays Jesus Christ as the Living Lord.
Romans Portrays Jesus Christ, Our Righteousness.
1 Corinthians Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Lord.
2 Corinthians Portrays Jesus Christ, Our Sufficiency.
Galatians Portrays Jesus Christ, Our Liberty.
Ephesians Portrays Jesus Christ, Our All in All.
Philippians Portrays Jesus Christ, Our Joy.
Colossians Portrays Jesus Christ, Our Life.
1 Thessalonians Portrays Jesus Christ as the Coming One.
2 Thessalonians Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Returning Lord.
1 Timothy Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Teacher.
2 Timothy Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Example.
Titus and Philemon Portray Jesus Christ, Our Pattern; Our Lord and Master.
Hebrews Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Intercessor at the Throne.
James Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Pattern.
1 Peter Portrays Jesus Christ as the Precious Cornerstone of Our Faith.
2 Peter Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Strength.
1+2+3 JOHN Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Life; the Truth; and the Way;
Jude Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Keeper.
Revelation Portrays Jesus Christ as Our Triumphant King.
Thursday, November 06, 2008
He erased the certificate of debt, with its obligations, that was against us and opposed to us, and has taken it out of the way by nailing it to the cross.Looking throughout the rest of the book, it's never made explicit what this "certificate of debt" means. Most of us in the church have assumed that it's a reference to the Law of Moses.
However, Cecil Hook makes a strong case that it does not refer to the Law of Moses. His article raises several interesting points which make it a recommended read.
If the Covenant of Law was destroyed by Jesus' death, how could it still have been only "ready to vanish away" thirty years later as "the day" of the coming of the Lord drew near (Heb. 8:13; 10:25)?and
Was mankind "law-less" during the seven weeks after the Cross until Pentecost?Hook summarizes his understanding thusly:
These Gentiles had not been under the Covenant of Law, but each had a list of violations of God's universal law on their record. It was this legal bond or "rap sheet" that was nailed to the cross. Our sin, not law, was nailed to the cross symbolically, with Jesus in his atoning sacrifice.He goes on to say:
The New Easy To Read New Testament renders this passage simply, "We owed a debt because we broke God's laws. That debt listed all the rules we failed to follow. But God forgave us of that debt. God took away that debt and nailed it to the cross."Hook continues:
It may be surprising to some to learn that, instead of the law dying, it was the sinner who died . ... Not only is our list of infractions (bond) nailed to the cross, but the believer was nailed to the cross also symbolically being crucified with Christ.He continues to explain clearly and simply that there was a forty year period between the cross and the "parousia, the coming of the Lord at the consummation of the covenant of law with Israel," and that during this transitional period the "Judean disciples continued to keep the law (Acts 21:17-26)". It was about the time of the destruction of the Temple that the Law of Moses finally ceased to be relevant for God's people, although the process had begun much earlier with the crucifixion of He who fulfilled, but did not abolish, that Law.
Go read the article; it's good stuff.
2. There are various covenants in the Bible, not just the two ("Old" and "New") that our main divisions of our Bibles would lead us to believe. For example, there's the covenant with Adam in which God instructed Adam and Eve to be fruitful and multiply and have dominion over the earth. There's the covenant God made with Noah and all the animals and all the earth to never flood the earth again like He did in Noah's day. There's the covenant God made with Abraham to make of him a great nation and to give him land and to bless all the earth through his seed. Joel made a covenant with his eyes not to look at a woman other than his wife. There are many other covenants as well, but this should suffice to make the point.
3. Putting these two points together, and studying the relevant New Testament passages, it becomes clear that it was the covenant with Moses which has been taken away and replaced, not the other covenants. Jeremiah (31:31) makes this clear, and it is reiterated by the writer of Hebrews (8:7) that it was the covenant "made with their fathers on the day I took them by their hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt" which was to be replaced by the "new covenant".
Note that this does not replace God's covenant with Abraham; in fact, Paul contrasts the Mosaic covenant with the Abrahamic covenant in Galatians 3, specifically claiming that the Mosaic does not revoke the Abrahamic (v 17), and that we are heirs because that promise still stands (v 29), and that the Abrahamic promise has now been extended to Gentiles (v 14). Looking at the structure of this chapter you see Paul talking about the Abrahamic covenant/promise being our faith (v 6-9), then the temporary addition of the Mosaic Law (v 19), then the removal of that temporary Mosaic Law revealing once again the Abrahamic covenant of which we are now heirs (v 19, 25-29). He then goes on in the next chapter to contrast these two covenants, one as a covenant of law (Hagar, Mt Sinai) and one as a covenant of promise (the free woman (Sarah), the Jerusalem above).
Jesus himself validates the use of the non-Mosaic portion of the Tanakh as authoritative in the Christian era when he was asked about marriage and divorce and he turned to the Creation account as his source of authority. Note that he did not give a "new" law; rather, he appealed to the "Old Testament", and we accept his conclusion as binding on us today. The Bereans also turn to the "Old Testament" as their source of authority when testing the claims of the New Testament, and are praised as "noble" for doing so.
To summarize this point number three, it's not all of the "Old Testament" which has been done away with, but merely the Law of Moses portion, that portion which was given to Moses and the Israelites at Mount Sinai. The rest of the Tanakh has not been removed; thus we still are to be fruitful and multiply and be stewards of the earth (Gen 1:28-30, a provision of the Adamic covenant which was renewed in the Noahic covenant - Gen 9:1-2); we're still to have marriages consisting of a man and a woman (Gen 2:24); serpents still haven't regrown their legs and/or wings (Gen 3:14); we're still to work the ground and have pain in child-bearing and die (Gen 3:16-19); women will still fall in love with sweaty, stinky, selfish men and thus be dominated by them (Gen 3:16b); we're still to execute murderers (Gen 9:6); we still see rainbows and thus know we'll never see the world inundated completely by water again (Gen 9:12-16); we can now eat meat (one provision of the Noahic covenant that supplanted the vegetarian provision of the original Adamic covenant - Gen 9:3-4); and so forth.
So we need to be careful when we say things like, "The Old Testament has been done away with." Strictly speaking, that is inaccurate. It is only a subset of the "Old Testament", the "Old Covenant between God and Israel, given at Mount Sinai (and only to the Jews anyway, never to the Gentiles)", which has been done away with.
I believe this is an important concept for the church to know, as it's foundational to a correct approach to scripture.
...every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.That passage (and its sister passage, Phil 2:10-11, and its parent passage, Is 45:23) has always given me the impression that even the sinners will be forced to give obeisance to God and acknowledge Him as supreme.
But last night at church was read Rev. 13:8 (HCSB), which says:
All those who live on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name was not written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who was slaughtered.I had never before noticed it until last night when the passage was read, but it seems to me that even the non-saved will actually "give worth" to God. It won't be a matter of being forced at sword-point to submit to God; it'll be a matter of being so awed by God's greatness that even the most die-hard atheist won't be able to help himself admiring and wanting and loving God. The enemies of God will finally "see".
God is just that awesome.
Tuesday, November 04, 2008
Didn't realize just how much he's missed, until I read and remembered some of the stuff he said...
and stood for.
'Here's my strategy on the Cold War: We win, they lose.'
- Ronald Reagan
'The most terrifying words in the English language are:
I'm from the government and I'm here to help.'
- Ronald Reagan
'The trouble with our liberal friends is not that they're ignorant;
it's just that they know so much that isn't so.'
- Ronald Reagan
'Of the four wars in my lifetime, none came about because
the U.S. was too strong.'
- Ronald Reagan
'I have wondered at times about what the Ten Commandments would have looked like if Moses had run them through the U.S. Congress.'
- Ronald Reagan
'The taxpayer: That's someone who works for the federal government but doesn't have to take the civil service examination.'
- Ronald Reagan
'Government is like a baby: An alimentary canal with a big appetite at one end and no sense of responsibility at the other.'
- Ronald Reagan
'The nearest thing to eternal life we will ever see on this earth is
a government program.'
- Ronald Reagan
'It has been said that politics is the second oldest profession.
I have learned that it bears a striking resemblance to the first.'
- Ronald Reagan
'Government's view of the economy could be summed up in a few short phrases: If it moves, tax it. If it keeps moving, regulate it.
And if it stops moving, subsidize it.'
- Ronald Reagan
'Politics is not a bad profession. If you succeed, there are many rewards; if you disgrace yourself, you can always write a book.'
- Ronald Reagan
'No arsenal, or no weapon in the arsenals of the world, is as formidable as the will and moral courage of free men and women.'
- Ronald Reagan
'If we ever forget that we're one nation under God,
then we will be a nation gone under.'
- Ronald Reagan